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PHARMACOGNOSY
Year : 2009  |  Volume : 1  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 312-316

Chemical composition of Curcuma Longa leaves and rhizome oil from the plains of Northern India


1 Department of Chemistry, NIMS University, Jaipur, India
2 Department of Chemistry, D.B.S. College, Kanpur-208006, India

Correspondence Address:
S C Dixit
Department of Chemistry, D.B.S. College, Kanpur-208006
India
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DOI: 10.4103/0975-1483.59319

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Hydro distillation of rhizomes and leaves of Curcuma longa resulted in the isolation of 0.36% and 0.53% of oils (w/v) respectively on a fresh weight basis. GC and GC-MS analysis resulted in the identification of 73 constituents in rhizomes comprising 95.2% of the oil, of which the major ones were ar-turmerone (31.7%), α-turmerone (12.9%), β-turmerone (12.0%) and (Z) β-ocimene (5.5%). In the oils, 75 constituents comprising 77.5% of the oils were identified, the major ones were α-phellantrene (9.1%), terpinolene (8.8%), 1,8-cinceole (7.3%), undecanol (7.1) and p-cymene (5.5%).


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