Year : 2009  |  Volume : 1  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 312-316

Chemical composition of Curcuma Longa leaves and rhizome oil from the plains of Northern India

1 Department of Chemistry, NIMS University, Jaipur, India
2 Department of Chemistry, D.B.S. College, Kanpur-208006, India

Correspondence Address:
S C Dixit
Department of Chemistry, D.B.S. College, Kanpur-208006
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© 2009 Awasthi et al; This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

DOI: 10.4103/0975-1483.59319

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Hydro distillation of rhizomes and leaves of Curcuma longa resulted in the isolation of 0.36% and 0.53% of oils (w/v) respectively on a fresh weight basis. GC and GC-MS analysis resulted in the identification of 73 constituents in rhizomes comprising 95.2% of the oil, of which the major ones were ar-turmerone (31.7%), α-turmerone (12.9%), β-turmerone (12.0%) and (Z) β-ocimene (5.5%). In the oils, 75 constituents comprising 77.5% of the oils were identified, the major ones were α-phellantrene (9.1%), terpinolene (8.8%), 1,8-cinceole (7.3%), undecanol (7.1) and p-cymene (5.5%).

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